The first signs of female pattern baldness are the whitening of the color and the reduction in the thickness of the hair on the top of the head, that will evolve to decrease the amount of wires and the emergence of regions without hair.
The female pattern baldness is usually hereditary, and can arise at any stage of life from puberty, but is most common after age 40, when the menopause is approaching. Your treatment is typically done with the use of medications such as Spironolactone, that help regulate the female hormones, which is the main cause of baldness in women.
First signs of female pattern baldness
The first signs of female pattern baldness are:
- Hair loss is more intense than usual;
- Reduction in the thickness of the wires;
- Whitening of the color of the hair;
- Reduction of the quantity of yarn in the center of the head;
- The appearance of regions with no hair on the head.
Baldness in women is mainly due to genetic factors and hormonal changes, being more common in menopausal women or in women that have polycystic ovarian syndrome.
How is the diagnosis of female pattern baldness
The diagnosis of female pattern baldness is done by the dermatologist for the assessment of hair loss and the presence of other factors such as irregularity of menstruation, seborrhea and the presence of hair on the face.
However, in some cases the doctor may request additional tests to confirm the diagnosis, as the dermatoscopia, in which he had the scalp through a special magnifying glass, the trichogram, which evaluates the strand of hair under a microscope, and a biopsy of the scalp.
Treatment of baldness in women
The treatment of baldness in women involves care with diet, weight control, reduction of seborrhea and use of drugs according to medical advice, which can be in pill, such as Spironolactone, or topical such as Minoxidil.
In general, you should take 50 to 300 mg of Spironolactone per day and apply Minoxidil 2 times per day on the scalp, but these medicines should not be used by women who are pregnant or who are breastfeeding.
It is also necessary to wash your hair at least 3 times per week to prevent the seborrhea, using the appropriate products with a neutral pH and no salt, so as not to damage the scalp. Another tip is to do massage on the head with the tip of the fingers or comb the hair daily for at least 10 minutes, because the friction gentle on the scalp increases circulation in the region and improves the nutrition of the wires.
In addition, the diet should be rich in vitamins A, B12, and biotin, and the minerals zinc and iron, which helps in strengthening the hair and stimulate hair growth. These nutrients can be found mainly in meat, fish, eggs, milk and milk products, peanuts and nuts, and the nutritionist should be consulted to evaluate the need to take vitamin supplements.