Liposuction is a plastic surgery and like all surgery also has some risks, such as bruising, infection and even perforation of the organs. However, there are complications very rare that, usually, don’t happen when the surgery is done in a trustworthy clinic and experienced surgeon.
In addition, when it aspires to little amount of fat the risks are further reduced because the chance of emergence of complications increases when the time of surgery is high or when it aspires to a lot of fat, such as in the abdominal region, for example.
In any case, to avoid these complications, it is recommended to do liposuction with a professional well trained and experienced, in addition to comply with all of the indications of the doctor, after the surgery. See what the care of post-operative the most important of the liposuction.
The bruises are one of the most common complications of this type of surgery and are characterized by the appearance of purple spots on the skin. Although they are little aesthetic, the bruises are not serious and happen as a natural response of the body to the injury caused by the surgery in fat cells.
In most cases, the bruising begin to disappear, of course, about 1 week after liposuction, but there are some cautions that help speed up the recovery, such as drinking apply a hot compress, avoid intense activities and apply an ointment with an anticoagulant effect, such as Hirudoid or ointment of Arnica, for example. See other important.
The seroma is the accumulation of fluid under the skin, usually in places where the fat was removed. In these cases, it is possible to feel a swelling in the region and, pain and release of a clear liquid by the scars.
To avoid the emergence of this complication, you should use the strap indicated by the doctor, after the surgery, do sessions of manual lymphatic drainage and to avoid engage in physical activities intense or catch on objects with more than 2 Kg, for example.
This complication is more frequent in people who remove a large amount of fat, which normally happens in the abdominal area, flanks or thighs, for example. In these situations, the skin was very stretched due to the presence of excess fat is more and more flaccid after liposuction and, therefore, it may be necessary to do another surgery to remove the excess skin.
Already in the lighter cases, you can resort to other treatments which are less invasive, such as mesotherapy or radiofrequency, to make the skin less saggy.
4. Change of the sensitivity
Although this is more rare, the emergence of tingling in the skin may indicate a change of sensitivity caused by small lesions in the nerves in the area suctioned. These injuries happen due to the passage of the cannula by small nerve more superficial.
Generally, you do not need any specific treatment, being that the body regenerates naturally, the nerves, however, there are cases in which the tingling can keep for more than 1 year.
Infection is a risk which is present in all types of surgery, a time when there is cutting of the skin, there is a new entry for viruses and bacteria to be able to get on the inside of the body. When this happens, there appear symptoms at the site of the scar, such as swelling, redness, intense pain, stench and up to the release of pus.
However, infections can be avoided in the great majority of cases, with the use of antibiotics prescribed by the doctor and with the care appropriate to the scar in the clinic or in a clinic. See how to take care of the scar to prevent infection.
This is another of the rare complications of liposuction and it happens when the person is many days lying down without doing small walks in the room or in the house. This happens because, without the movement of the body, the blood has the greatest tendency to accumulate in the legs, which facilitates the formation of clots that can clog veins and cause a deep vein thrombosis.
In addition, as in the first 24 hours after liposuction is forbidden to get out of bed, the doctor may also prescribe injections of heparin, which are a type of anticoagulant that helps lower the risk of blood clots, even though the person is not able to walk. However, it is advised to walk as soon as possible.
If you have any symptoms of thrombosis during recovery, such as legs swollen, red and painful, it is very important to go immediately to the er to start the appropriate treatment and prevent more severe complications, such as death of the tissues of the leg, STROKE or heart attack, for example.
7. Perforation of organs
Perforation is the most serious complication of liposuction, but is also the most rare. It happens mainly when the surgery is performed in clinics are not qualified, since it is required that the liposuction is poorly executed to make it happen and perforation of the organs that are underneath the layer of fat.
However, when this happens, there is a high risk of death, because it may happen a serious infection and, therefore, it is necessary to start quickly another surgery to close the location drilled.
Who has a greater risk of complications
The risk of complications is higher in smokers, the chronically ill or immune system weak. In this way, these individuals should consider well the advantages and risks of cosmetic surgery. Read more at: Who can do liposuction?.
Currently liposuction is described as being to the more secure is the liposuction tumescente, since it uses a local anesthesia and the amount of fat removed is relatively small, decreasing the time of surgery.